Seven Kurdish political prisoners in Turkey have taken their own lives in the last three weeks
Dear Foreign Secretary,
We write to express our deep concern over the UK government’s position in its relations with Turkey as the human rights situation inside the country continues to deteriorate rapidly. In particular, we seek to urgently draw your attention to the 7,000 Kurdish political prisoners on hunger strike in Turkish prisons and the solidarity hunger strikes now spreading across Europe, including in the UK. Seven Kurdish political prisoners in Turkey have taken their own lives in the last three weeks.
The hunger strikers are demanding urgent action to end the persecution of the Kurdish people in Turkey as embodied in the person of Abdullah Ocalan who has been kept in a state of aggravated solitary confinement for approaching 20 years: an inhuman punishment in breach of both domestic laws and international conventions to which Turkey is a signatory.
There has been a lack of tangible and effective action by the Council of Europe and the Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) with respect to Turkey’s continued denial of Ocalan’s basic human right to be visited by his family members and his lawyers. This is despite the fact that in January 2019, the Council of Europe passed a resolution clearly expressing concern regarding the human rights situation in the country and the condition of the hunger strikers, as well as calling on the Turkish Government to authorize immediate publication of the CPT’s findings on Ocalan.
However, this resolution has been insufficient in pressuring Turkey to take any action to mitigate the severity of the isolation conditions, and the situation is now absolutely critical.
As you must know, Abdullah Ocalan was abducted from Nairobi, Kenya, on 15 February 1999 in an international clandestine operation involving the intelligence agencies of Turkey and the US, and has been kept in conditions of harsh solitary confinement virtually ever since; he has been forbidden contacts with a lawyer since 2011, and has only been granted two visits since April 2015.
To protest these unlawful conditions, the then-imprisoned MP of the People’s Democratic Party (HDP), Ms Leyla Güven, started an indefinite hunger strike on 7 November 2018. Since then, more than 7,000 political prisoners across Turkey, and numerous members of the international community in Europe, the UK, North America, and the Middle East, have joined Ms Güven in declaring themselves to be on indefinite hunger strike, with the sole demand of ending the isolation imposed on Ocalan. Many hunger strikers are now reaching a serious point and are suffering serious health problems, but they are refusing medical treatment until Ocalan’s isolation is lifted.
The human rights situation in Turkey has progressively deteriorated since the breakdown in 2015 of talks for a peaceful resolution of the decades-long conflict between Kurds and the Turkish State, at which point Turkey switched towards a policy of brutal repression against its Kurdish population, imposing harsh 24-hour curfews across the south-eastern Kurdistan region and committing countless human rights atrocities.
This situation was greatly exacerbated by the state of emergency which followed the failed coup of July 2016: political opposition, critical media and trade union activity were frequently banned alongside the removal from office of democratically-elected politicians and members of the judiciary on grounds of suspected affiliation with “terrorist activity”. Elected officials have been replaced with individuals loyal to Erdoğan’s AKP party.
The Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) has visited İmralı seven times since 1999. Very few of the improvements they have called for have ever been implemented. The CPT’s last visit to İmralı was on 28-29 April 2016, and Turkey only gave permission for the publication of the report of this visit nearly two years later in March 2018. The hunger strikers also demand that the CPT revisit İmralı Island Prison immediately, which is within the organisation’s capacity.
This demand for help is putting to the test our civilised values. The hunger strikers have put their lives on the line in the belief that the world will listen to them, and that the Council of Europe and the Committee for the Prevention of Torture will act to support the elementary human rights they exist to uphold. The hunger strikers are prepared to take their actions through to the end, but not one of them wants to die; it is simply that they have been pushed so far, they do not see any other political option available to them. We urge you not to let them down, and not fail the fundamental principles on which these institutions were founded.
The UK must fully live up to its obligations and commitments to human rights throughout the world and stand up for decency in international relations.
- We call on you to raise these issues as a matter of utmost urgency with the Foreign Ministry in Turkey, to demand action in line with the Council of Europe Resolution on Turkey.
- We further call on you to demand that the CPT further investigates the prison conditions on Imrali Island.
- We urge you to call on the Turkish Government to immediately end the isolation enforced on Abdullah Ocalan.
- Reinstate the peace talks with Abdullah Ocalan as the representative of the Kurds.
The key to a peaceful and political solution to the Kurdish Question in Turkey is the transformation in the treatment of the man that millions of Kurds see as their true leader.
Peace in Kurdistan; Democratic Kurdish Peoples’ Assembly UK; Roj Women Assembly; Kurdistan National Congress
Maxine Peake, actor, director, playwright; Frances Webber, Vice-chair of IRR Council of Management, former barrister; Gareth Peirce, solicitor; Mike Mansfield QC; Julie Ward MEP; Lloyd Russell- Moyle MP; Alex Sobel MP; Bambos Charalambous MP; Chris Stephens MP; Ian Blackford MP; Caroline Lucas MP; Margaret Owen OBE, barrister; Annette Lawson OBE; Dr Radha D’Souza, University of Westminster; Dr Thomas Jeffrey Miley, Cambridge University; Dr Derek Wall, Goldsmith University; Dr Tom Wakeford, biologist, ETC Group; Nick Hildyard, policy advisor; Christine Blower, NEU International Secretary; Tony Burke, Assistant General Secretary, UNITE; Simon Dubbins, International Director UNITE; Matt Nathan, Campaigns Director, Freedom for Ocalan Campaign; Stephen Smellie, Deputy Convenor, UNISON Scotland; Clare Baker, UNITE International Officer; Doug Nicholls, General Secretary, General Federation of Trade Unions; Father Joe Ryan, Chair of Westminster Justice and Peace Commission; Dr. Isabel Käser, SOAS; Rahila Gupta, writer and journalist; Southall Black Sisters (SBS); Pragna Patel, Director of SBS; Emily Apple, journalist, writer; Dirk Campbell; Dr Sarah Glynn, writer, Scotland; Scottish Solidarity with Kurdistan; Connor Hayes, student of philosophy and sociology; Paul Scholey, Partner at Morrish Solicitors LLP; Stephen Knight, barrister; Thomas Phillips, School of Law, University of Liverpool; Adam Greenfield, Urbanist; author of Radical Technologies: The Design of Everyday Life and Against the Smart City; Bruce Kent, peace activist, CND; Dafydd Iwan, former President Plaid Cymru; Christopher Gingell, Conservationist; Sherida Parker, Kurdish Solidarity, Wales; Dave Rendell, Wales; Sarah Parker, human rights activist; Jonathan Steele, journalist; Lindsey German, Convenor, Stop the War Coalition; Les Levidow, Campaign Against Criminalising Communities (CAMPACC); Saleh Mamon, CAMPACC; Cemo, artist; Peter Tatchell, Peter Tatchell Foundation; Jonathan Bloch, writer; Kurdistan Solidarity Network; Solidarity Economy Association; London Kurdish Solidarity; Maude Casey, writer; Stephen Sefton, Ireland; Zaher Aarif, writer; John Hunt, journalist; Paul Maskey, Sinn Féin MP for West Belfast; Francie Molloy, Sinn Féin MP for Mid Ulster; Michelle Gildernew, Sinn Féin MP for Fermanagh South Tyrone; Mickey Brady, Sinn Féin MP for Newry & Armagh; Elisha McCallion, Sinn Féin MP for Foyle; Chris Hazzard, Sinn Féin MP for South Down; Órfhliath Begley, Sinn Féin MP for West Tyrone; Stephanie Grant; Mark Campbell, Co-Chair Kurdistan Solidarity Campaign; Alain Hertzmann, social and political activist; Terry Conway, Socialist Resistance; Pliny Soocoormanee, LGBT Role Model Nominee – National Diversity Award; Peter Tatchell Foundation; Bill MacKeith; Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism!; Liz Saville Roberts MP; Jonathan Edwards MP; Ben Lake MP; Hywel Williams MP; Adam Price AM, Plaid Cymru leader; Rhun ap Iorwerth AM; Leanne Wood AM; Sian Gwenllian AM; Llyr Gruffydd AM; Elin Jones AM; Bethan Sayed AM; Delyth Jewell AM; Dr Dai Lloyd AM; Helen Mary Jones AM; Dave Rendell; Trisha Durkin; Phil Neale, Friends of Rojava Thanet; Dr Peter Archard; Prof Sue Williams; Yashar Ismailoglu, poet; Andreas Gavrielidis, Greek-Kurdish Solidarity; George Eugeniou, founder and director of “Teatro Technis”; Penny Dimond, Director of “Theatre of the Eccentric Actor”; Aonghas MacNeacail, Scottish Gaelic poet; Maggie Bowden, General Secretary “Liberation”; Lord Rea; Peter Hardy; Defend the Rojava Revolution, Edinburgh; Edinburgh University Kurdish Society; Stuart Sayer, Former Head of Department of Economics, University of Edinburgh; Laura Altinsoy, postgraduate student in philosophy, University of Dundee; Jon Spaull, filmmaker, photographer; Dr Jamie Allinson, Lecturer in International Relations of the Middle East, University of Edinburgh; Melanie Gingell, Peace in Kurdistan; Estella Schmid, Peace in Kurdistan.
Written on April 15, 2019
Source: The Kurdistan Tribune
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Image: İmralı prison, Turkey
By Hilmi Hacaloğlu [Public domain]